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Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. Asian Turkey (made up largely of Anatolia), which includes 97% of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Sea of ??Marmara and the Dardanelles (which together form a water link between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean).

The European section of Turkey, in the northwest, is the Rumelia, which forms the borders of Turkey with Greece and Bulgaria. The Asian part of the country, Anatolia (also called Asia Minor), consists of a high central plateau with narrow coastal plains. Eastern Turkey has a more mountainous landscape, and contains the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates, Tigris and Aras, and contains Lake Van and Mount Ararat, the highest point in Turkey to 5165 meters.

The Anatolian region comprises approximately one-sixth of the total area of ??Turkey. As a general trend, the Anatolian plateau inward becomes cagives more rugged as time progresses eastward.

Turkey's varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea. It was an earthquake in the entire line north of the country from west to east, which caused a major earthquake in 1999.

The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool wet winters. Conditions can be much harsher in the more arid interior. Mountains close to the coast prevent Mediterranean climatic influence inland, giving the central Anatolian plateau continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons. Winters on the plateau are especialmente serious.



Turkey

Resumen de la ruta
lugar Lugar Número de estapas Días Longitud Longitud Desnivel Positivo Desnivel Desnivel Positivo Desnivel Negativo Desnivel Desnivel Negativo Dificultad Dificultad Tipo de ruta
Tipo ruta
Turquía 5 Km. m. m. Excursiones Independientes


Turquía | Entre Montañas



Anatolia

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Anatolia

Anatolia or Asia Minor is a pen & iacute; insula belonging to the Pr & oacute; maximum East, currently occupied by the part well & aacute; tica of Turkey & iacute; a

.

It is bordered on the north by the Black Sea, to the east by the mountains chains & ntilde; bears the Taurus and Antitauro, south to the sea Mediterráneo & aacute; neo and west by the Aegean Sea and the Sea of ??M & aacute; will sign. The Strait of B & oacute; phosphorus and the Dardanelles Strait separating Europe

. The western part of the pen & iacute to as Asia;

In ancient Greece & iacute is Conoc insula, Extendi & eacute; ndose later the name to the whole continent, so the pen & iacute; insula was called Asia Minor

.

Being a region Anatolia & oacute; n MOUNTAIN bear has been hist & oacute; richly successive military stronghold of several villages. Other Trojan, the Hittite Empire, the kingdoms of Phrygia and Lydia, the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire; also & eacute; n peoples Greeks, Turks, Seljuk Turks, Syrians and a small & ntilde, a part of Rome were peoples who have occupied the region & oacute; n.


Capadocia

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Capadocia

Cappadocia is a region & oacute; n & oacute hist; rich central Anatolia in Turkey & iacute; a, which covers parts of the provinces of Kayseri, Aksaray, & nbsp;. Nigde and Nev?ehir

Cappadocia is characterized by a formation & oacute; n & oacute geol; cal TUNIC in the world, and its historical heritage & oacute; rico and cultural. The & nbsp; a & ntilde; o 1985, was included by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage, a protected area of ??9,576 has

.

The region & oacute; n Cappadocia can be considered a c CIRCLE fifty kil & oacute; m di & aacute; underground, where they are, among others, & nbsp; the cities of Aksaray and Nev?ehir, as & iacute; as large populations. The population & oacute; n the & aacute; rea does not reach the mill & oacute; n people, but the settlements est & aacute; n as close to each other, giving the impression & oacute; n to be one sprawling city with & nbsp; a region & oacute; n very wide.

In many maps, NamesCappadocia and is not mentioned as there is a demarcaci & oacute; n & iacute pol; tica as such. M & aacute; s good will & nbsp; is a regi & oacute; n & oacute hist; rich portions covering several provinces

.

The landscape & uacute; nico Cappadocia is the result of the action & oacute; n natural forces to trav & eacute; s the millennia. Makes 60 million & nbsp; a & ntilde; os, is form & oacute; chain MOUNTAIN bear Taurus in southern Anatolia, while the Alpine chain formed in & nbsp; Europe. The formation & oacute; n of the chain of the Taurus Mountains provoc & oacute; numerous gullies and depressions in central Anatolia.

Ten million a & ntilde;; os, these depressions were filled by magma and other items volcano & aacute; mechanics provided by & nbsp; numerous volcanoes in eruption & oacute; n central Anatolia, especially Erciyes, Keciboyduran, Develi, G & ouml volcanoes

Makes & nbsp; ll & uuml; da?? and & nbsp; Melendiz

.

Graduallydepressions were disappearing, transforming the region & oacute; n on a plateau. However, the mineral that & nbsp; Padded & oacute; depression is not very resistant to the action & oacute; n of wind, rain, r & iacute; os and temperature differences; so & nbsp; & oacute erosion; n was & quot; & quot sculpting; numerous valleys which Cappadocia is famous.

Some of the m & aacute populations, major s are Aksaray, Nevsehir, Kayseri, & uuml; rg & uuml; p, U & ccedil; hisar, Nigde, G & uuml; l?ehir, G & uuml; Laga & ccedil; & nbsp ;. Some important places include the Museum outdoor G & ouml; reme, the city UNDERGROUND & aacute; nea Kaymakl?, City & nbsp; UNDERGROUND & aacute; nea Derinkuyu valley Zelve, Gomeda, Peribacalar vadisi (valley of the fairy chimneys), SOGANLI vadisi, & nbsp; & aacute UNDERGROUND cities, lines of & ouml; zkonak, Tatlarin, Maz? and ACIG & ouml; l; and churches such as El Nazar and Aynali.


El Bósforo

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El Bósforo

The B & oacute; phosphorus is a strait that separates the European part (encompassed in the Ottoman Empire in the European province of & nbsp; Rumelia (Turkish: Rumeli) of part well & aacute; tica (Turkish: Anadolu) of Turkey & iacute; a , two parts city & nbsp; Istanbul, connecting the Sea of ??M & aacute; will sign with the Black Sea has a length of 30 kil & oacute;. meters, with a width m & aacute; XIMA 3,700 & nbsp; m at the entrance of the Black Sea, and m & iacute width; nima 750 meters between Anadoluhisar? and Rumelihisar? (Ottoman castles & nbsp; which rise in the hills of the shore). His var & iacute depth;. to between 36 and 124 meters The Straits est & aacute; n & nbsp; densely populated and The city of Istanbul (with a population & oacute; n of at least 11 million people) sits between. & nbsp; this strait that divides Europe from Asia

There are two bridges on this stretch. The bridge Bogazi & ccedil; i, 1074 meters long was completedo in 1973. The second bridge, & nbsp; the Fatih Sultan Mehmed has a length of 1014 meters, was completed in 1988 and is nearly five kil & oacute; m & nbsp;. north of the first bridge

Marmaray a t & uacute; nel rail 13.7 kil & oacute; m & aacute est length; being built and is estimated to be & aacute; completed in & nbsp; 2008. Approximately 1400 meters of t & uacute; nel will be built under the strait, at a depth of 55 meters

.


El Monte Ararat

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El Monte Ararat

Mount Ararat is the peak m & aacute; s high in Turkey & iacute; a, with 5,165 meters above sea level, being a volcano & aacute; n. Idle with permanent snow cover top

adem & aacute; s main identification symbol of Armenia and its Turkish name translates as & quot; Montañ; in Pain & quot;.

T & eacute; technically, Ararat is a stratovolcano, formed of lava flows and ejecta materials pirocl & aacute; appliances. The STILL last volcanic activity & aacute; nica registered in MOUNTAIN to was a major earthquake in July 1840 centered around the Gorge now a chasm long address & oacute; n northeast dropping some 1,825 m from the summit of the mountain & ntilde; a .

The Ararat belongs geographically to Turkey & iacute; a, however, is the s & iacute; a national symbol of Armenia. Mount Ararat on the & nbsp; center of the Coat of Arms of Armenia. The mounts & ntilde; a is clearly visible from most of the Rep & uacute; Republic of Armenia, including its capital Erev & aacute; n, and is often represented by Armenian artists on paintings, prints and obsidian dem & aacute; s & nbsp;. objects


Rumelia

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Rumelia

Rumelia variation & oacute; n of Romania Turkish, Byzantine name sun & iacute; n give your empire. After 1453 (a & ntilde; or & oacute occupation; n of Constantinople by the Turks) Rumelia pas & oacute; be the designaci & oacute; n of the former regi & oacute; ny Ottoman province of & nbsp; pen & iacute; insula Balc & aacute; nica, which I realized & iacute; a territory of existing states of Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania (especially Wallachia, Banat and Dobrogea), Serbia and the remainder of what is now Turkey & iacute; a in Europe. In a & nbsp; m & aacute sense; s restricted the province was in the center of the Roman and Byzantine provinces of Thrace and Macedonia

.

In a & ntilde; o 1878, and by the terms of the Congress of Berl & iacute; n, part of Rumelia pas & oacute; Bulgaria to join while Eastern Rumelia permanec & iacute; a under Turkish rule. In 1885, Bulgaria was annexation & oacute; Eastern Rumelia, except & nbsp; Tracito East and, in 1908, were officially unified. V & eacute; ase also & eacute; n & aacute Wars Balc; Nicas. Today the Turks & nbsp; Ottomans usually give the name of the Eastern Rumelia Thrace

.

Romania is etimolog & iacute; a principal, although it must be noted that Rumi or rum & iacute; (Also word & eacute; n derived from Roman) is a & nbsp; name sometimes given to Muslims to Christians, in this case, & quot; & quot Rumelia; within the Ottoman Empire also & eacute; n & nbsp; meant the territory whose population & oacute; n was predominantly Christian

.


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