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Tunisia

Tunisia is in North Africa, between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert, and between Algeria and Libya. About 40% of its land surface is desert, the other part is made up of fertile land.

In the north, there are mountains and the climate is temperate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The temperature range in northern ranges from 34 and 6 ° C. In the south, there are deserts that stretch to the Sahara. However, despite its aridity in southern, northern pine forests exist in the north and grassland, ideal for cattle, northeast, and orchards and vineyards along the east coast.

Only 19% of the land is arable, although 13% of it is irrigated (est. 1993). Tunisia is the smallest of the states northwest African country. Tunisia is ranked No. 89 on the list of the largest countries on the planet. It has an area total of 164 418 km². Of this area, 155,360 sq km, ie 94.5% of the total area, is land. The remaining 9,058 square kilometers, 5.5%, is water.

The highest point is Mount Tunisia Jebel Chambi, north of the city of Kasserine and has 1,544 meters. The surface of the mountain is covered with pine trees.



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Túnez 1 Km. m. m. Excursiones Independientes


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T & uacute; nez can be divided from north to south in various topographical regions & aacute; GRAPHICS distinguished easily. Beginning on the north and going to the SSUR first is a series of mounts & ntilde chains, bears among which is the codillera Atlas, in the call regi & oacute; n Tell, occupying the northern half of the country & iacute; s cross the Tunisian territory across from the southwest to the northeast, with elevations ranging between 610 and 1,544 meters to reach the point m & aacute; s top of this ridge, called Ech Chambi Jebel, which in turn is the point m & aacute ; s high T & uacute; nez

. Rtiles and plateaus, with MOUNTAIN, as

In these territories f & eacute valleys meet. In this area is the rising of the R & iacute; o m & aacute; s over T & uacute; nez, the Majardah or Medjerda, which crosses the area from west to east and then reach the gulf T & uacute;. Nez, where it empties

To the south, the landscape cambia the mountains & ntilde; as a plateau with an altitude of 610 meters above sea level on average. These plateaus descend gradually to an area consisting of salty lakes known as shatts or chotts, extending from east to west and, for the most & iacute; a, are at sea level. These lakes can highlight the Djerid and Bizerte. This area is characterized by its nature semides & eacute steppe. Rtica

In the region m & aacute; s southern, shatts bind the Sahara desert, which occupies 40% of the total area of ??T & uacute; nez. In the area est & aacute; between shatts and the Sahara desert oasis are numerous; especially in surround & iacute; as Gabes city, located in the center of the gulf bearing the same name, in the m & aacute; s near the border with Libya. In this region & oacute; n, the large oases abound, and they grow about 400,000 date palms. Oases can also use & eacute; n as a breeding these crops come in part to shore.

For the North, T & uacute; nez borders with Algeria and describes a boundary is defined by the uneven terrain of the Atlas Mountains, with exception & oacute; n area m & aacute; s north on the border is defined by the Algerian natural park of El Kala. These natural limes occur throughout the MOUNTAIN System; bear that crosses T & uacute; nez, but when the system goes down and you see the Sahara Desert, m & aacute; s specifically, the Great Eastern Erg, the Algerian border becomes a Simple straight, since there in that territory ning & uacute; & aacute Geographical accident; fico able to shape a border
. The border with Libya est & aacute; marked mostly by plateaus of the region & oacute; n Libyan Tripolitania. It can be seen that all the natural borders of T & uacute; nez are bounded by plateaus and MOUNTAIN ace, this is because T & uacute; nez r & iacute; os are almost nonexistent

.

The Tunisian relief is based on Tellian Atlas in the north and the Atlas Mountains in the center of the country & iacute; s. In South T & uacute; nez one semides & eacute steppe extends; rtica later becoming the Sahara

.

The point m & aacute; s top of pa & iacute; s, the Ech Jebel Chambi is in its center, in the Atlas Mountains, and measures 1544 meters high. Around this peak is the natural park of Jebel Chambi. In turn, the less elevated point is Shatt Al Gharsah in southwestern pa & iacute; s, on the border with Algeria and est & aacute; to 17 m below sea level. Very near shatt est & aacute; the shatt El Jerid, the m & aacute; s Greatest T & uacute; nez

.

Between the towns of Bizerte and Tabarka there is a prolongation & oacute; n of the Atlas mountain range called Dorsale, where fields of Tunisian culture abound. This region & oacute; n produces most of alimpa ents & iacute; s exports many types of crops such as olives, or c & iacut


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