enThis page has been translated by an automatic translator. We apologize for any errors you may find.
Twitter
Facebook
Google Plus
Youtube
RSS SiteRSS Blog
News Letter
Routes Climb GR Routes Himalaya Islands Vía Ferrata Others By Zone Diving View all routes in Google Maps
Create your own route Contact About us Foro Entre Montañas Blog Entre Montañas
 Bulgaria...
cargando..
Cargando Google Maps...
Where am I:   Home > Other Bulgaria > Bulgaria
Back

Hoja  Bulgaria...







Bulgaria is at a crossroads of cultures, as expected from the fact of having borders with five countries: Turkey, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Romania. To the north, its boundary is delimiatada on the Danube, and on the east by the Black Sea. This geographical position has placed it at the center of many typical Balkan border disputes throughout its history, and also located at the point of contact between Europe and Asia, especially Turkey.

Although he is known for his recent communist past and its low level of development compared with Europe, is actually a country that has much to offer in terms of history, gastronomy and nature. Furthermore, their constant efforts to modernize and its recent accession to the European Union make right now is to observe a country that changes almost every day, with huge contrastsfrom one area to another.

Two mountain ranges traverse the country from west to east, leaving the center of the Thracian Plain. The Balkan Mountains to the north, marks the boundary with the Danube valley, whose right bank is in Bulgaria, Romania being left. The Rhodope Mountains to the south, and the Pirin Mountains, the Southwest, occupy areas bordering Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, respectively.

The three national parks in Bulgaria are the Central Balkan National Park, the National Park Rila and Pirin National Park. This latest book is a vast territory of highlands and forests are among the oldest in Europe, and numerous lakes. Animal life (chamois, wild cats, bears and birds of prey) and plant life are abundant and well protected. This park was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.



Bulgaria

Resumen de la ruta
lugar Lugar Número de estapas Días Longitud Longitud Desnivel Positivo Desnivel Desnivel Positivo Desnivel Negativo Desnivel Desnivel Negativo Dificultad Dificultad Tipo de ruta
Tipo ruta
Bulgaria 4 Km. m. m. Excursiones Independientes


Bulgaria | Entre Montañas



Las montañas de los Ródopes

Up

Las montañas de los Ródopes

South of pa & iacute; s, mountains & ntilde; as the R & oacute; dopes on the border with Greece, spread their mantle of vast pastures pierced by r & iacute; os pristine, and interspersed with lush forests with & iacute; spheres and others & aacute; leafy trees. In isolated populations, Pomaks, b & uacute; lgaros Islamized, preserve their musical traditions and colorful gowns

.

The R & oacute; m & aacute has dopes; s 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. Its peak m & aacute; s high Golyam Perelik (. 2,191 m), is the s & eacute; Optimal MOUNTAIN to m & aacute; s high in Bulgaria. The region & oacute; n has deep gorges, caves and large sculpted like Trigrad

.

The R & oacute; is & dopes aacute; n spread over 14,737 sq km of which 12,233 km est & aacute; n in country b & uacute; lgaro. The chain MOUNTAIN as having about 220 miles long and about 100-120 km wide, with an average altitude of 785meters. Reserves have been established in the region 15 & oacute; n, some of which est & aacute; n under the protection & oacute; n UNESCO. There are many mineral springs, with the m & aacute;. S famous Velingrad, Narechen, Devin and Mihalkovo

The R & oacute; dopes West are the m & aacute; large s (66% of the area of ??R & oacute; dopes Bulgaria), the m & aacute; s high, and those with greater infrastructure developed around tourism. The largest and m & aacute; s known peak in this region & oacute; n, Golyam Perelik (2,191 m.). Other popular peaks are Shirokolashki Snezhnik (2,188 m.), Golyam Persenik (2,091 m.), Batashki Snezhnik (2,082 m.) And Turla (1,800 m).

Some of the gorges m & aacute; s deep r & iacute; o in R & oacute; est & aacute dopes;. N located in the western part

The town of Batak also & eacute; n & aacute est; located in this part of the mountains & ntilde; as, Ace & iacute; as centers tur & iacute; appliancesm & aacute; s popular in Smolyan, Velingrad, Devin, Chepelare, the station & oacute; n Pamporovo winter and Bachkovo Orthodox monastery and the ruins of the fortress of the Dynasty & iacute; Asen. The caves Dyavolskoto Garlo, Yagodinska, Vievo and many others. The village m & aacute; s high in Bulgaria, Manastir (m & aacute; s 1,500 m), est & aacute; hidden in the north at the foot of the peak Prespa.


Parque Nacional de los Balcanes Centrales

Up

Parque Nacional de los Balcanes Centrales

The Central Balkan National Park is located in the heart & oacute; n of Bulgaria, covering the m & aacute portions; s high in the central part of the Balkan Mountains. The Park houses both rare species and communities and endangered wildlife such as historic sites & oacute; rich and important scienti & iacute;. Fica

The park was established in 1991 to preserve the special stage and natural heritage of this & aacute; rea and protect the customs and traditions of the population & oacute; n Local. The Directorate & oacute; n Park, a regional body of the Ministry of Environment and Water, manages the Park. The Directorate & oacute; n encourages local organizations, volunteers and enthusiasts MOUNTAIN aa cooperate to achieve their goals

.

The Central Balkan National Park is one of the largest and m & aacute; s & aacute valuable, protected areas of Europe. The Uni & oacute; n for Global Conservation & oacute; n (IUCN) has listed the Park Categories & iacute; a 2. The Park and 8 natural reserves est & aacute; n in the Schedule of the United Nations & aacute; Protected Areas Representative, and four nature reserves est & aacute; n inclu & iacute; das in World Network of Biosphere Reserves under the Man and the UNESCO Biosphere. The Ncional Park Central Balkan became a member of the PAN Parks (Network & aacute; Protected Areas). Sponsored by WWF


Parque Nacional de Pirin

Up

Parque Nacional de Pirin

To the southwest of Sof & iacute; a, the ridge of Pirin has a magn & iacute; fico natural park, with Vihren 2,914 m, the peak m & aacute; s high on the list of World Heritage of UNESCO. The routes start at Bansko, Sandanski or even a city known for its hot springs and spa therapy center.

Pirin known for its rich flora and fauna. Much of the & aacute; & aacute est rea; covered with forests & iacute; spheres, species end & eacute; micas as Macedonian Pine, Bosnian Pine and B & uacute; lgaro. The animals are the wolf and the brown bear & oacute; n.

The town of Bansko, very important tourist and winter sports center, est & aacute; located in northeastern slopes of the mountain & ntilde; as Pirin. The town of Razlog is situated in a valley between Pirin to the south and Montañ;. As Rila north

Pirin is the second mounted & ntilde; a m & aacute; s high in Bulgaria AFTER & eacute; s of Rila (2,925 m) and the sixth m & aacute; sAFTER highest in Europe & eacute; s of C & aacute; Caucasus, the Alps, Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees and Mount Etna Rila. It has an area of ??2,585 square kilometers and an average elevation of 1,033 meters. Pirin is & aacute; located in southwestern pa & iacute; s, including R & iacute; os Struma and Mesta, border, north Rila in Predel Saddle (1,142 m.) and Slavyanka south in Parilska Saddle (1,170 m.). The distance between these two points is 60 km from the northwest to the southeast and the width m & aacute; XIMA Pirin is 40 km from the town of Sandanski Obidim the village. Other MOUNTAIN as neighboring include Vlahina, Maleshevo, Osogovo Ograzhden west, as & iacute; R & oacute like; dopes east

.

Pirin geol & oacute; cal and Geographical & aacute; cally divided into three parts. One north, central and south, which however are not equal in size & ntilde; o attractive tur & iacute; stico

Northern Pirin is the m & aacute; s largest subdivisions. Makes up 74% of the wholeterritory, which is about 42 km long and runs from north of Predel Todorova Polyana Saddle (1,883 m) to the south. It is the part m & aacute; s visited the TUNIC that has an alpine look, with many lakes and shelters, and also & eacute; n which has the peak m & aacute; s high Vihren. Adem & aacute; s, is divided into several parts due to its size & ntilde; or

Central Pirin extends between the Todorova Polyana and Popovi Livadi. It is the M & aacute; s LITTLE through (7%), has s & oacute; the 7 km long. The peak m & aacute; s high is Orelyak (2,099 m.), While the other peaks are less than 2,000 meters and densely forested

.

South Pirin is the m & aacute; s low, the peak m & aacute; s high est & aacute; 1,975 meters, occupies 17% of Pirin and is about 11 km long and wide. It has forests with & iacute; spheres and TREES Deciduous, and is the least visited of all

.

Pirin is known for its abundance of water. The R & iacute; os are short tienin a high inclination & oacute; n forming many jumps and r & aacute; lipids. Stressing the Popinolashki waterfall, which is 12 m high. The main ridge is the watershed between the two areas Receptive & oacute; n.

Pirin has rich and varied flora and fauna. M & aacute; s than 1,300 species of plants have been found so far, which is about 1/3 of all species of plants which are in the pa RIVER s; 320 species of l & iacute; Queñes; several hundred species of algae. There are 18 species end & eacute; micas of poppy plants include the Pirin Pirin thyme, etc. Many plants are extremely rare and under protection & oacute; n, as the beautiful Edelweiss. The vegetation & oacute; n is divided vertically into three zones depending on the height

.

There are m & aacute; s 2,000 invertebrates (ara & ntilde; as, ciempi & eacute; s, insects, snails) and 250 species of vertebrates. These STILL last few 177 species of birds, 45 of mam & ia countedcute, mammals and s & oacute; what & nbsp; 6 species of fish. Many est & aacute; n in danger and nec


Parque Nacional Rila

Up

Parque Nacional Rila

Rila is a MOUNTAIN as in southwestern Bulgaria and the m & aacute; s high mountains & ntilde; as Bulgaria and the Balkans. The massif is adem & aacute; s sixth m & aacute; s highest in Europe, behind & aacute; s C & aacute;. Caucasus, the Alps, Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees and Mount Etna

The name Rila is of Thracian origin and means & quot; mount & ntilde; a & quot ;, well watered because of the abundance of glacial lakes in the Rila (about 200) and hot springs. Some of the m & aacute; s long and r & aacute; r & iacute lipids; os Balkan originate from Rila, including the Maritsa, the Iskar and Mesta .

The peak m & aacute; s high is the Musala 2,925 m, is the peak m & aacute; s high in the Balkans, just the same height as Mount Olympus. Located two hours from the capital of Bulgaria, Sof & iacute; a. It is the main ski area & iacute; near Sof & iacute; ay there are several hostels MOUNTAIN. ace up its slopes

It has m & aacute; s 2,000 species of plants and a large riqueza faun & iacute; stica

.

Rila has 2,400 km2. The top of the mountain & ntilde; a is perched on the MOUNTAIN valleys surrounding bears, with the Borovets Saddle (1,305 m.) Connecting the main ridge of Musala with Shipochan and Shumnatica ridges that connect to the Ihtiman Sredna Gora MOUNTAIN as a trav & eacute ; s passage of the Gate of Trajan. The Yundola Saddle (1,375 m) and Avraam Saddle (1,295 m) link Rila with R & oacute; dope east, while the connection & oacute; n with Pirin is the Predel Saddle (1,140 m), the & uacute; nico with Verila that est & aacute; in Klisura Saddle (1,025 m).

Rila is subdivided into several parts depending on their position & oacute; n & aacute Geographical; fica:

This Rila or the Musala Ridge is the m & aacute party; s high and wide. The peak m & aacute; s tall, has 12 of the 18 peaks above 2,700 m located all & iacute; (Musala, Yastrebets, Irechek, Deno, Mancho, etc.). Musala lakes extend Lakes Rila in this part as theLedeno ezero (& quot; Lake Ice & quot;), Lake M & aacute; s high of 2,709 m Balkans

.

Central Rila or Crest Skakavets is the m & aacute party; s peque & ntilde; a (1/10 & aacute; total area), with m & aacute; s famous for galciares lakes (Lakes Fish, the Dzhendem Lakes, Lake Iozola Lakes and Monastery Lakes). The m & aacute; s largest glacial lake of the Balkans, Smradlivo ezero (& quot; Stinky Lake & quot;) with a & aacute; area of ??21.2 km2, est & aacute; located in Central Rila, as Kanarata peaks, Grouper Polyana, Malak and Golyam Skakavets Skakavets, Rilets. Skakavtsi crest (peak Golyam Skakavets Skakavets and Malak, and Sveti Duh Pchelina) rises isolated between the R & iacute; os Levi and Beli Iskar. Another peak in the & aacute; is the area of ??Marinkovitsa and Vodniya shawl Extendi & eacute; ndose to the forest reserve Kobilino Branishte

.

Northwest Rila takes up 25% of the & aacute; total area of ??Rila. Peak M & aacute; s high is the Malyovitsa of2,730 m. The area of ??Seven Lakes & nbsp; is an important landmark in this part, with many remote peaks and SMALL. I lakes

Southwest Rila or Crest Kapatnik occupies 30% of Rila and the m & aacute; s oldest reserve of Bulgaria. Apart from this SMALL to septenetrional part, Southwest Rila does not have the same alpine appearance than elsewhere

.

Culturally, Rila is famous for the Rila Monastery, the m & aacute; s largest and m & aacute; s important monastery in Bulgaria, founded in the tenth century by Saint John of Rila

.


Download files



PDF         





© Entre Montañas ©