Tenerife is a rugged and volcanic island whose relief was sculpted by successive eruptions throughout the history (the most recent was in 1909 Chinyero). His training began to take shape in the ocean floor 20-50 million years ago. After a long time for material to the birth of the island occurred at the end of the Miocene (Tertiary). Seven million years ago emerged areas of Teno, Anaga and Adeje massif, which is called the Ancient Basaltic Series or Series I. These provisions have thus three stratigraphically distinct chronological islands in the extreme west, east and south of the Tenerife today.
In nearest time (200,000 years), eruptions begin building would raise the Pico Viejo-Teide in the center of the island, over the Las Cañadas caldera. El Pico del Teide at 3,718 meters above sea level and more than 7,000 on the ocean floor, is el highest of the island, Spanish territory and all the landmasses of the Atlantic point. This volcano, the third largest in the world, is the quintessential symbol of Tenerife. Its central location, its important dimensions, its shape and its snowy landscape, give a unique personality. Aboriginal and considered it a place of worship and adoration.
Since 1954, the Teide and the whole circus around him (although there was a further expansion of its boundaries) is declared as National Park. In addition, since June 2007 is included by UNESCO in the World Heritage of Humanity spaces as a Natural.
The rugged island terrain and its variety of climates has a territory of varying landscapes and forms, from the Parque Nacional del Teide with its mix of colors result from successive volcanic eruptions, to the cliffs of Los Gigantes with its walls vertical, with semi-desert areasresistant to drought in the south, or purely volcanic environments like the Badlands of Guimar plants.
It also has natural beaches like El Medano with its environment protected sites such as Montaña Roja and Montaña Pelada, valleys with tropical and subtropical crops, areas of laurel forests in the Anaga and Teno with deep, steep ravines and extensive pine forests above the latter vegetation type.
The island of Tenerife enjoys an ecological diversity despite its small size, which is due to special environmental conditions, since the rugged terrain prevailing locally modifies the general climatic conditions, creating an exquisite variety of microclimates. This vast existence of microclimates and, therefore, natural habitats, is made manifest in the island vegetation, consisting of a rich and varied (1400 species of higher plants) flora, between lhighlighting as many canaries endemicity (200) and Tenerife (140).
Tenerife is known internationally as the "Island of Eternal Spring". The attribution of this climatic designation occurs largely due to the tradewinds, whose humidity, principally, is condensed into mediocrity areas of the north and northeast island, forming large seas of clouds are preferably arranged between 600 and 1800 meters high.
Another factor in the mild climate of the islands with respect to the latitude that corresponds (Sahara Desert), is the cold sea currents of the Canary Islands, which cools the temperature of the waters off the coast and island beaches with respect to the ambient. Finally, Tenerife orography should also be taken into account in this trio of actors responsible for realizing the aforementioned slogan.
Resumen de la ruta Lugar Días Longitud Desnivel Desnivel Dificultad
Sta. Cruz Tenerife 3 28 Km. 1900 m. 1900 m.
Distance: 12 Km. 600 m. - 600 m.
We find one route m & aacute; s known for inhabitants of Tenerife and visitors who come to the island. First we go to the town of Buenavista del Norte and once there take the narrow road (TF-1427) that leads to caser & iacute; o de Masca (within the Teno Rural Park).
On the way to caser & iacute; or, to be & aacute; the start of our route will stay impressed with the beauty of the place and it was capricious nature in this area.
The duration & oacute; n path usually within 3 hours. If we turn up the ravine to the point we need to reserve about 6 hours.
Masca Ravine has a length of 5848 meters, occupying & aacute; area of ??6,652 kil & oacute; square meters and reaching dimension m & aacute; XIMA a height of 1344 meters. The people of chewing is about 600 meters above sea level.
Masca offers a lottraditional houses, some restaurants and small & ntilde; os crafts stalls & iacute; ay memories. The presence of the House of Avinculados stands, being the edificaci & oacute; n & aacute m; s antique & uuml; to the area. The Church of the Immaculate Conception & oacute; n dating from the eighteenth century and celebrating their festivals in honor of the Virgin in August. For & uacute; last if we have time you can visit the ethnographic museum & aacute; fico that is located in a house in construction & oacute; n t & iacute;. Canary pica
On the way, no one would go & aacute; overlooked observed the huge walls of rock on either side. The vegetation & oacute; n t & iacute; itchy places are cacti, euphorbias, palms and verodes. Stresses species like agave, mallow or aeonium Crag (rosette leaves).
To make the people go down the ravine by the Church of the Immaculate Conception & oacute; na Morro Catana and then near the endto take a path on the left, and that in principle is quite steep and loose soil. Continue down to the wooden bridge that allowed us & aacute; to the other side of the ravine, and from here & iacute; continue the trail through farmland abandoned in general to reach areas with vegetation & oacute; n t & iacute; pica. The continuous along the gorge trail without much p & eacute; loss and usher & aacute; to the fabulous beach of Masca. There are certain points along the way that we draw with caution & oacute; n, but in general as s & oacute; it must be driven by the channel.
The return must be made by the same road we drove, though most & iacute; a group of walkers often make the boat trip. Masca Beach has a SMALL or jetty for berthing SMALL as boats. It is these vessels that typically carry hikers back.
Along dwe will find the ravine LITTLE puddles and you ca & iacute; das water. We went in January and had no problems at ning STILL point, but duty & iacute; masters take precautions if we go in & eacute; few ra n & iacute; as well as it could & iacute; n be some areas some m & aacute;. S complicated
There is another route that runs through the mountains and Masca Canyon gives us a vision & oacute;. N spectacular area
Anaga is a solid mounts & ntilde; Bear located in the NE tip of the island of Tenerife has an area of ??about 170 kil & oacute; square meters and consists of complex and craggy ravines and countless dams and pythons. It was declared a Protected Natural Area since 1987, reaching the category & iacute; a Rural Park, condition & oacute; n. That currently holds
It is a natural area with its own climate, as the trade winds there an environment conducive h & uacute; Mede, even in summer, favoring the establishment of an ecosystem & uacute; nico Canary as the laurel. The population & oacute; Current n spreads different caser & iacute; os that exist in the area, being the most important, the Taganana, Igueste San Andres, Las Carboneras, The Bat & aacute; n and some less populated as Afur, Chamorga, Taborno, etc. All these places are remnants of what was once life on the Islands.
The route starts from the beach and located Benijon Taganana. To go to the beginning of the route we should go to Bailadero and take the road to Taganana (TF-134).
This hike runs along the coastline, from the fabulous Roques de Anaga to reach Roque Bermejo.
The trail is in good condition, is quite busy and can go down to the beaches found along the way (Fabi & aacute beach; n, The Draguillo, etc.). The journey is long and we take & aacute; long enough, if we follow the path to Roque Bermejo duty & iacute;. masters book about 5 hours total for all return
First we find the people of Draguillo, then Palmas de Anaga and m & aacute; s ahead with the lighthouse of Anaga. From this lighthouse follow the path leading down to the gorge Roque Bermejo and then to the village. In this coastal area are two beaches. Roque Bermejo and the Beach House that is White & aacute; n almost stuck
In the midst of andste lovely drive tenedremos the best views of the Roques de Anaga: Roque Roque de Dentro and out.
Distance: 16 Km. 1.300 m. - 1.300 m. Time: 5:30 h.
The road starts from the narrow parking (m & aacute; maximum 15 cars) on the basis of Montañ; Blanca at 2,350 meters, the trail & eacute; ste first section is a wide track (closed to veh & iacute; cles), and f & aacute; cil walking, enjoying along & eacute; l, spectacular views Circus Las Ca & ntilde; adas, and Malpais and lava volcano & aacute; nica who, throughout the centuries They let beautiful and whimsical shapes, highlighting the area of ??volume Great Obsidian blocks.
After about an hour and half walk, always track without possibility of p & eacute; loss, you get to the area known as Lomo Stiff, where STILL the few remains of the ancient Since Mule preserved, and where some m m & aacute; s starts the path ahead is good & ntilde; i aliasing (at 2,725 meters) that rises to the Altavista Refuge and cr & aacute;. b
Starting the climb, and if time permits,you can see in detail much of the north coast of the island, or the vast sea of ??clouds that bring the trade winds, and is slowed by the natural barrier forms the dorsal ridge.
From this point, the climb is something m & aacute; s passes through a steep and winding path and m & aacute; s narrow that in his first 200 meters of altitude is quite rocky. In & eacute; summer walking follow the path marked with milestones is relatively f & aacute; cil, but in winter with snow and / or ice, the route of this trail is almost completely lost, so that the opening track is usually done almost vertically, and the slope can be 45 & ordm; ;, or 50º depending on the sections, always be & aacute;. Mixed with presence of rock n
At about 2,900 meters, you arrive at a unique area and f & aacute; easily recognizable by the 3 large pumps volcano & aacute; Nicas there, and that is slightly flat, called StayAnglais, where you take some breath to return the atr & aacute sight; s admiring the rocky wall contour of La Fortaleza, which address & oacute; n. west culminating in the mass of Mount Guajara (2,717 m)
Since the beginning of this path, in two or three hours depending on snow conditions if it rises in winter, stops and how f & iacute; sica, you reach the Altavista Refuge at 3,270 meters. altitude. & nbsp;
A few meters m & aacute; s up on the left side of the shelter, the trail continues STILL up to reach the area of ??the viewpoints called The Rambleta 3,550 meters, one facing Pico Viejo and the other to the Stronghold cliff.
The Rambleta is where likewise, disembark from the gondola telef & eacute; rico. From The Rambleta is a path that leads to Pico Viejo 3,135 m, the younger brother at altitude, not age formation & oacute; n & oacute geol, logic, wrongfully neglectedbackground by a preponderance of the Teide.
For the definite popularly known as & ldquo; rope & rdquo ;, awaits the park staff where I bet like a border crossing is involved, must file access permission to the cone if you want to get to the very top .
Once transferred & ldquo; a & rdquo ;, rope cobblestones are facing and again winding path Telesphorus Bravo, who goes by his crowning cone or Pil & oacute; n, for which about 15 or 20 minutes you reach the bottom edge of cr & aacute ; ter Teide, as listed by the Park Reserve Zone is so & aacute; absolutely forbidden, for reasons of conservation & oacute; n., access to inside
At this point a & uacute; n can be seen and above all you can smell the sulfur numerous fumaroles emanating from hard & ntilde; as the volcano & aacute; n & aacute environment remain; stay constant throughout the surrounding area.
Going by the searight gene cr & aacute; XIMA 3; b, takes around 10 minutes per order, at a depth of m & aacute